Turkish Alphabet Essentials: Decoding the Significance of "N, S, Y"

Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid
2 min readFeb 17, 2024

A Deep Dive into Buffer Letters

Begin by briefly explaining the significance of buffer letters in the Turkish language. Highlight that understanding these letters is crucial for reading and comprehending spoken endings in Turkish.

1. Buffer Letter S:

Explain that S is used to separate vowels and suffixes.
Provide examples:
“araba-S-ı” (his/her car)
“ayakkabı-S-ı” (his/her shoes)
Discuss the use of S in compound nouns and mention examples like “el cantaSı” (handbag) and “bira fabrikası” (brewery).

2. Buffer Letter Y:

Discuss how Y is used when a noun ending in a vowel takes the suffix ‘’the’’ and when “to” (E/A) follows a vowel.
Provide examples:
“kedi-Y-İ” (the cat)
“banka-Y-a” (to the bank)
Explain its use in verbs to maintain vowel separation, with examples like “git-meli-Y-im” (I must go).

3. Buffer Letter Y (Continued):

Highlight that Y changes to N or is dropped when other case endings are added.
Provide examples:
“banka-sı-N-a” (to his bank)
“bankada — Yım” (I am in the bank)

4. Buffer Letter N:

Emphasize the importance of understanding N, especially regarding suffixes and vowel harmony.
Illustrate examples:
“ağacın kenarına oturdu” (he sat by the side of the tree)
“ayakkabı-S-ı-N-ı” (I bought his shoes)

- Present a challenging sentence and guide readers through it:
“babamın sandalyesine oturdum” (I sat on my father’s chair)


Summarize the key points discussed in the article. Encourage readers to practice and apply their understanding of buffer letters when reading and using Turkish. Conclude by expressing the importance of these letters in achieving proficiency in the language.

By following this structure, you can create an engaging and informative article that helps readers grasp the concepts of Turkish buffer letters N, S, and Y.



Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid

"Versatile Wordsmith | IT Solutions Strategist | Motorcycle Voyager | Multilingual Enthusiast". I’m so deep even the ocean gets jealous