Islamic Wisdom: The Importance of the Quran in Islam
The Quran is the last holy book that Allah sent down to people. The Quran was sent down to the Prophet Hz. Muhammad (PBUH) through Gabriel (Jibril) and then it reached today through being written down and reported.
The Quran is a material and spiritual guide for individuals and the community, all classes of people living in any place or time, and for the whole life of man. Everybody, from the president to the man in the street, finds the things that are about them in the Quran. They take the knowledge and lessons that are necessary for peace and tranquility both in the world and the hereafter.
The virtues and characteristics of the Quran are stated as follows in verses and hadiths:
“And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: so follow it and be righteous, that ye may receive mercy.”(al-Anam, 6/155)
“And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that thou mayest warn the Mother of Cities and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers.”(al-Anam, 6/92)
“Do they not ponder on the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.” (an-Nisa, 4/82)
“The Qur’an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong)…”(al-Baqara, 2/185)
“The Quran is guidance and glad tidings for those who believe.”(al-Baqara, 2/97)
“This Quran is a guidance and glad tidings for those who believe.”(Sad, 38/29)
The following is reported from Harith bin Awar: Once, Hz. Ali said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
‘Behold! Dissension will come.’ Thereupon, I asked,
‘O Messenger of Allah! What is the way out of it?’ He said,
‘It is to obey the Book of Allah.’(Then Hz. The prophet explained the characteristics of the Quran as follows:
‘It contains all information about what has happened to those communities before you, news of dissensions and tumults that will happen after you, and signs of Doomsday. It is the distinguisher between the truth and the falsehood. If anyone seeks guidance elsewhere Allah will lead him astray. It is the strong rope of Allah. It is a reminder of wisdom, and it is the straightest path. It protects souls who obey it from being ruined and misguidance and tongues that recite it from ambiguity.
Scholars of the Qur’an always crave more from it. Reading it again and again never bores its reader; neither does the reader lose any taste by reading it over and over again. Its magnificent wonders that astonish mankind never end, “They said `We have really heard a wonderful Recital.” (al-Jinn 1). He who utters it, speaks the truth. He who acts according to it will be rewarded. He who pronounces judgment according to it, will be just. He who invites people to it, will guide them to a straight path.’” (Tirmidhi, Thawabu”l-Qur’an 14, 2908)
* “The Quran is a clear light, wise dhikr, and the true way.”
* “The Quran is a rope of Allah extended onto the earth from the sky.”
* “The superiority of the Quran to other words is like the superiority of ar-Rahman to His creatures.”
* “If a person reads a verse from the Book of Allah, it will be a luminous light for him on the Day of Judgment.”
* “Make your houses luminous by performing prayers and reading the Quran.”
The Quran was revealed into the heart of the Prophet (PBUH) in terms of not only its meaning but also its words. That is why the Quran is called wahy al-matluww (the recited revelation). Therefore, the Quran is the whole of not only meaning but also words. The Quran was not sent down to the Prophet (PBUH) as a whole; it was sent down verse by verse and chapter by chapter.
The Miracle of the Quran:
The Quran contains all kinds of principles of creed, deeds, and ethics that will make man attain real bliss. It is a great literary miracle in terms of its words and meaning. The Prophet (PBUH) stated the following regarding the issue:
“Every Prophet was given miracles because of which people believed, but what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration which Allah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.”(Bukhari, Fadailu’l-Qur’an, 1)
In fact, the miracles of the other prophets ended as their time passed. The miracle of the Quran will exist until Doomsday. In various verses of the Quran, it is insistently stated that the Quran is a miracle:
“Say: “If the whole of mankind and Jinn were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support….”(al-Isra, 17/88)
As a matter of fact, nobody has been able and will be able to produce a verse similar to the verses of the Quran in terms of style and eloquence. The Quran is a miracle in terms of its words and meaning. The Prophet (PBUH) could not read and write. He did not learn anything from anybody. Therefore, he was regarded to be illiterate. However, the book he brought contained great realities and informed about many scientific truths that science and experience managed to find in fourteen hundred years. This proves that the Quran is the word of Allah directly. For instance, the fact that the sun rotates around itself and moves toward a fixed point along with the other planets dependent on it, the opening of the pyramids, and the mummified bodies of the Pharaohs were discovered in the last century.
However, the Quran informed us about them and similar realities many centuries ago. No matter how much science develops, it cannot contradict the Quran. On the contrary, the development in science will make it easier for the Quran to be interpreted and explained. As Badiuzzaman Said Nursi puts it,
“As time gets older, the Quran gets younger; the realities it contains become apparent more brightly.”
Another miraculous aspect of the Quran is that it prophesied many events that took place later. Whatever it prophesied happened exactly.
Some of the definitions and descriptions of the Quran are as follows:
- The All-Wise Qur’an, which makes known to us our Sustainer, is the pre-eternal translator of the great Book of the Universe…
This universe is likened to a great book written by the pen of power. In a booklet, the phrase signs of creation (ayat at-takwiniyya) is used for the beings in the world. Sign of creation means what is created based on the command “Be” (kun), what shows the existence, oneness, names, and attributes of Allah and what serves as evidence for them. The verses (signs) in the Quran come from the attribute of Allah called speech and the signs in the universe come from His attribute called power (qudrah).
This book of the universe makes Allah known with all of its signs but humans have not been able to read it and evaluate it correctly. That is, they did not understand the language of the book. The All-Wise Quran translated the book of the universe, informed humans about it, and described our Lord, who is the writer of this book, to us. It told us about His attributes, names, and deeds.
- the discloser of the treasures of the Divine Names concealed in the pages of the earth and the heavens…
Concealed means veiled, covered, that has become invisible and unknown. Thanks to the Quran, translating the book of the universe, the manifestations of the names of Allah that had been concealed in the world and in the sky started to be read. In this sentence, the names of Allah are likened to treasures. For instance, the name al-Khaliq (the Creator) is a treasure; all creatures are like the jewels of that treasure. The name al-Muhyi (the Giver of Life) is a separate treasure; all lives come from the treasure.
- the key to the truths hidden beneath these lines of events…
In this book of the universe, every event, like every creature, is like a word or line. It is necessary to read them correctly. The truths that are concealed under events can be read correctly only by the guidance and instruction of the Quran.
Night and day, health and illness, joy and sorrow, old age and death are all truths written in this book. The most important event for men among them is death. Those who regard death as “non-being, non-existence, entering into the grave and disappearing” cannot understand the reality of death and misevaluate that important event. The reality of death is understood with the guidance of the Quran. Birth means to come to the world from the wound; similarly, death means to go to the realm of barzakh from the world. Then, another birth called ba’th will follow it; people will go to the Gathering Place from the realm of grace through it.
There are very detailed explanations about the reality of death in Risale-i Nur Collection. Let us remember some of them: Death is “a change of residence, a rest from duty, the liberation of the spirit”. The grave is “the gate of a realm that is better than this world.”
- the treasury of the favors of the Most Merciful and pre-eternal addresses, which come forth from the World of the Unseen beyond the veil of this Manifest World…
The phrase the world of unseen mentioned above can be understood as the great throne where this visible realm is controlled and administered, as the realm of similitude where the examples of everything are taken, and as the unknown realms like the Preserved Tablet (Lawh al-Mahfuz) where everything is recorded and preserved.
The words favor and address complete each other and point to the same target. Being addressed by Allah Almighty is a great favor for His servants. Being informed about His commands and prohibitions, attaining His consent, and being shown the ways of going to Paradise is a great grace and grant of Allah.
- the sun, foundation, and plan of the spiritual world of Islam…
The source of all beauties, virtues, merits, and high ethics, primarily belief, is the sun of the Quran. The foundation of our religion is the realities of the Quran. A building of guidance and stability that will continue forever was built by hadiths, which are the first interpreters of the Quran, on this foundation.
The word plan can be interpreted as the ijtihads and fatwas produced under the light of the Quran and hadiths in order to answer the new needs that arise in the growing building of Islam.
- and the map of the worlds of the hereafter…
In the Quran, the road map of the life in the hereafter that starts with going to the Gathering Place and continues as “standing, scales (Mizan), bridge (Sirat) and Paradise or Hell” is drawn; the nice aspects of Paradise and the tortures of Hell are also shown to the man like photographs.
- the distinct expounder, lucid exposition, articulate proof, and clear translator of the Divine Essence, attributes, and deeds…
The only source of sound information about the essence, attributes, and deeds of Allah is the Quran. The human mind and imagination cannot do anything about these unknown and eternal realities. Since Allah makes Himself known in the Quran, there is no need for man’s groundless guesses and invalid thoughts.
We learn from the verses of the Quran and our authorized scholars the following reality and similar ones: “Allah’s existence is necessary; He is pre-eternal and post-eternal; He is free from time and space; He has endless attributes; no change or decrease will take place in these attributes no matter how many creatures He creates; His existence and attributes, His mercy and wrath, His compassion and jealousy and all of His other deeds cannot be compared to the states and abilities of His creatures.
The beings in the universe declare the existence of Allah and His attributes with their states but people generally ignore these spiritual expressions or misunderstand them. Therefore, burhan an-natiq (articulate proof) is necessary. (When the phrase burhan an-natiq is used for the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), it means the one who conveys the message of the Quran to people.)
The phrase clear translator means the Quran translates the words of the book of the universe to the people who do not understand them; it has a similar meaning to the phrase articulate proof.
the instructor, true wisdom, guide, and leader of the world of humanity…
The Quran was sent down in order to train the spirits of people, to perfect their hearts through belief and their minds through science and knowledge, to teach them true wisdom, to dissuade people from the wrong paths and to show them the way of guidance. True wisdom, that is, the real information about the purpose of the creation of both human beings and other creatures and their duties can be learned from the Quran because the verses of the Quran are the words of the Creator who created those beings.
As it is known, the word “wisdom” is also used for philosophy. The adjective “true” used here indicates that philosophy is not true wisdom.
Wisdom has several definitions. One of them is “deeds together with knowledge” (practicing what one knows and learns) That is, if an idea makes man do good deeds, it has wisdom. Ideas that are only talked about but not practiced are personal ideas; they cannot be a means of guidance for people.
it is both a book of wisdom and law, and a book of prayer and worship, and a book of command and summons, and a book of invocation and Divine knowledge — it is book for all spiritual needs; and it is a sacred library offering books appropriate to the ways of all the saints and veracious, the purified and the scholars, whose ways and paths are all different…
The Quran is a book wisdom because it teaches man the purpose and duties of all beings; it is a book of shari’ah (law) because it informs man of the commands and prohibitions regarding both individual and social life.
It also contains “prayer, worshipping, commands and calls”, which are essentials of shrai’ah, with all aspects.
The Quran is a book of dhikr which makes man gain at least ten rewards for its one letter when he reads it; it is also a book of knowledge in that it makes Allah known with His names and attributes.
The Importance of the Quran and Its Immunity from Distortion
Christian, Jewish, and Muslim scholars all agree on the fact that the Holy Scriptures and texts of Christianity and Judaism have been a victim of distortion and alteration. The Quran however is different from all other holy books because it never has and never will be affected by such impediment as stated in verse nine of Chapter Al-Hijr. This is yet another proof of the importance of the Quran.
The Importance of the Quran as the Final and Most Complete Holy Book
Another aspect that highlights the importance of the Quran as an exceptional book is the fact that it is the last of its kind and the most complete and comprehensive of all divine scriptures. The Quran is the final and updated version of all heavenly books, the same way Islam is the last religion sent by God for the guidance of mankind.
Those who had believed in previous prophets had done according to the obligation that was required of them at that time, therefore with the advent of Islam and the revelation of the Quran, it is upon those who had followed past prophets and had received glad tidings of the final messenger and his Holy Book to answer that call and accept God’s final invitation. This shows the importance of the Quran
Importance of the Quran and Reciting and Learning It for Believers
Prophet Muhammad has said the Quran is better than everything and that its superiority over other books is akin to the superiority of God over His servants.14 Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq (جَعفَرُ الصّادق), the sixth Shiite imam, has also said that the Quran is God’s pact with His servants; therefore, it is worthy that every Muslim individual looks at his pact and reads [at least] fifty verses of it every day.15
Another very important point that confirms the importance of the Quran is that reciting it has great reward and has been likened to listening to God. Another reason learning and reciting the Quran is so important for believers (مُؤمِنون) is that it contains almost everything that needs to be known, believed in, performed, and refrained from in one’s life.
The Importance of the Quran and Its Teachings
The Quran teaches people many things that are essential for their lives. For example, by reading, reciting, and understanding the Quran, every Muslim and believer must become acquainted with and believe in the five principles and fundamentals of Islam known as Uṣūl al-Dīn (أُصولُ الدين), aka the pillars of Islam.
They are as follows:
- Tawḥīd or Tawheed(تَوحيد): Monotheism
- Nubuwwah (نُبُوَّة): Prophethood
- Ma‘ād (مَعاد): Resurrection
- ‘Adl (عَدل): Justice
- Imāmah (إمامَة): Imamate
For the sake of brevity, here we will discuss two of them: Tawheed and Nubuwwah.
The Importance of the Quran and Tawheed
One of the first and most fundamental beliefs that every Muslim must follow is Tawheed, meaning monotheism or belief in only one God. A person who does not believe in Tawheed is not considered as a Muslim even by name. This belief has been repeated many times in various chapters (Arabic: سورة Latin: surah) and verses (Arabic: آیة Latin: ayah) of the Quran. Specifically, there is an entire chapter concerning this belief known by its two names, surah Tawheed and Ikhlas (الإخلاص: pure intention). It is chapter 112 of the Quran in juz (جزء) 30. When one realizes that such chapters teach such important things, one recognizes the importance of the Quran.
Surah Ikhlas reads:
بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيم
In the name of Allah, the most compassionate, most merciful
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ﴿1﴾
Say: He, Allah, is One,
اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ﴿2﴾
Allah is He on Whom all depend,
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَ لَمْ يُولَدْ ﴿3﴾
He begets not, nor is He begotten,
وَ لَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدُ ﴿4﴾
Nor has He any equal.
The Importance of the Quran and Nubuwwah
It is almost impossible for people to know that God exists and know what He wants from them unless there is an intermediary and representative who would inform them about things such as:
This shows the importance of the Quran even more. God sent His prophets to people so that they could communicate His words to them and inform them of His existence and what they should and should not do. The total number of prophets that God sent to different nations is 124,000. God sent His final prophet, Muhammad, with the Quran to the people of the Arabian Peninsula to guide them to the straight path and stop them from clinging to their pagan beliefs.
Another point that highlights the importance of the Quran is that it has stressed that obeying God’s prophets, especially His final one, Muhammad and his successors [the twelve imams], is tantamount to obeying God Himself.16 Knowing such an important matter would not be possible without recognizing the importance of the Quran. Besides, the circumstances of certain Islamic laws have not been fully explained in the Quran. Some of these rulings that have not been explained in detail in terms of the way of performing them are the following:
Therefore, Prophet Muhammad as the interpreter of the Quran and Apostle of God, has explained the details of these rulings for his nation.
The Importance of the Quran and Hadith
The importance of the Quran can be better understood when we know that in Islam, there are two criteria that are used to interpret Islamic laws and rulings as well as other issues such as moral guidance. The first and more important one is naql (نَقل) meaning transmission, and the second is ‘aql (عَقل),meaning intellect. The Quran and hadith fall under the former category, as they have been transmitted to us; the Quran by God, and hadith by the Prophet and his vicegerents (i.e. the Imams).
The Quran and narrations contain many things that one may not be able to understand only by relying on the intellect. For example, many rulings of Islam are explicitly stated by the Quran and there is no need for intellect to decipher them. Of course, they are not in contradiction with intellect either. Nevertheless, intellect is capable of inferring certain rulings and issues concerning Islamic beliefs from transmission, meaning both the Quran and hadith.
Importance of the Quran: The Quran as Criterion for Authenticity of Hadith
There is a direct relationship between transmission and intellect. That is, intellect must approve transmission and vice versa. Because the Quran is the word of God and there is no doubt over its veracity, intellect can never contradict it. If it seems to do so, it is not genuine intellect.
On the other hand, hadith have been narrated from the Noble Prophet and his pure household through different people. The narrators of hadith sometimes cannot be trusted. That is why any hadith which is narrated by such individuals and goes against intellect or the Quran is considered unauthentic and fabricated.
Therefore, the ones who have narrated the hadith must be trustworthy individuals. If they are not trustworthy yet the content of the hadith seems to be compatible with intellect and the Quran, religious experts have to determine whether those hadith are authentic or not based on specific criteria. However, any narration that contradicts intellect and the Quran, even though it may appear that its narrator is trustworthy, is considered invalid.
Best Interpreters of the Quran
The Prophet of Islam and his pure household are the best interpreters of the Quran. That is because they are infallible, their intellect is perfect, and have God-given knowledge. In this regard, the Quran asserts that whatever Prophet Muhammad says is from God and that he does not say anything based on his own desire. The Quran states this in surah Najm:
وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَى
“Nor does he [Muhammad] speak out of [his own] desire: It is just a revelation that is revealed [to him], taught him by one of great powers [Gabriel].”
Therefore, one can rely on authentic hadith from the Noble Prophet and his successors to understand the tafsīr [exegesis] or ta’wīl [esoteric interpretation] of the Quran. This shows the importance of hadith and its relationship with the Quran.
Importance of Quranic Education
The Quran is a book that gives us a great deal of information and words of advice as to how we should behave and treat others. It advises us to be wary of God, to be righteous, and to treat one’s fellow brothers and sister in faith with mercy and compassion and to make peace between them. 17
The Quran commands us to antagonize the enemies of God and not to befriend them. 18 It tells us that one must always rely on God for all of one’s affairs. 19 It teaches us to have faith in God and do good deeds. Believing in the Day of Judgment (يَومُ القِيامة) alone should make us be careful with our actions, as on that day, people will be rewarded or punished based on their deeds in this world.
Quran also places great importance on studying, learning, contemplating, and gaining knowledge. It emphasizes this point by stating, “Say, ‘Are those who know equal to those who do not know?’ Only those who possess intellect take admonition’.” 20 Prophet Muhammad [peace be upon him and his progeny] has also laid emphasis on seeking knowledge by saying, “Seek knowledge even if it is in [a far place such as] China.” 21
The Most Important Verses in the Quran
There is no doubt that the entirety of the Holy Quran is of most significance and all of its chapters and verses must be taken into high regards. Each verse from the Quran contains levels within levels of complex knowledge and aside from their apparent meaning, there are countless other hidden meaning in each verse as well.
Therefore, one can never exclude a verse or verses from the rest and declare them more important than others, however, narrations tell us that some verses need extra consideration or address issues that we must pay heed to. This said, there are some verses that have been the subject of studies and have formed schools and ideologies within Islam:
Ayatul Kursi(آیَةُ الکُرسی)
Ayatul Kursi or “the Verse of the Seat [of power]” is verse 255 of Chapter al-Baqarah which begins at “الله لا إله إلّا هو” and ends at “وهو العلیّ العظیم”. A hadith from the Noble Prophet reports that Ayatul Kursi contains 50 words and 170 letters. In another narration, when asked of the noblest verse revealed unto him, Prophet Muhammad mentioned Ayatul Kursi to be the greatest verse he received. 22
اللَّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ الْحَیُّ الْقَیُّومُ لا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَهٌ وَلا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِی السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِی الأرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِی یَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلا بِإِذْنِهِ یَعْلَمُ مَا بَیْنَ أَیْدِیهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلا یُحِیطُونَ بِشَیْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ کُرْسِیُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضَ وَلا یَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِیُّ الْعَظِیمُ
Allah — there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Seat [of power] extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
Verse of Mubahalah (مُباهَلَه)
Verse 61 of Chapter Aali-Imran otherwise known as the verse of Mubahalah was revealed on the occasion of the opposition of the Christians against Prophet Muhammad. Thus, God commanded him to gather his family members and commence in an act of mubahala to prove their rightfulness. Mubahalah is when two groups of people compete each other, each asking God to inflict punishment on the other. This is a way of showing one’s rightfulness.
The people who were considered as the Prophet’s family and accompanied him in this mission were Ali ibn Abi Talib, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law, Fatimah Zahra, the Prophet’s daughter, and their two sons Hassan and Hussain peace be upon them all. This verse is used as proof for the high position of the household of the Noble Prophet, especially Ali ibn Abi Talib who is referred to as the nafs of the Prophet, that is, his own self.
فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِیهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَ نِسَاءَنَا وَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَ أَنفُسَنَا وَ أَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَللَّعْنَتَ اللَّـهِ عَلَی الْكَاذِبِینَ
“Should anyone argue with you concerning him, after the knowledge that has come to you, say: Come! Let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, our souls and your souls, then let us pray earnestly and call down Allah’s curse upon the liars.”
Verse of Taṭhīr (تَطهیر)
The second part of verse 33 of Chapter Al-Ahzab was revealed to the Noble Prophet in regard to his household, once again proving their distinction over all in the eyes of God; that they have been selected above all of creation for the purpose of guiding mankind with the light of their purity. The importance of this verse is due to the fact that it proves the infallibility of the people of the household, thus, making them the best role model, as they are immune to sins and mistakes.
إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ يُطَهِّرَكمُ تَطْهِيرًا
“Indeed, Allah desires to repel all impurity from you, O People of the Household, and purify you with a thorough purification.”
Verse of Authority (اولی الامر)
In verse 59 of Chapter an-Nisa, Allah (SWT) lays obedience towards Him, His Prophet and those of authority as the prerequisite for believing in God. To clarify the position of the Prophet and those of authority furthermore, He places submission to them at the same rank as submitting to God. By doing so, it becomes undebatable for the believers that in order to have their faith reflect into its active aspect, they must hold the authority of the Noble Prophet and those appointed by him as the principle of their religion.
يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنُوا أَطيعُوا اللَّهَ وَ أَطيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَ أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ تَنازَعْتُمْ في شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ الرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَ الْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ذلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَ أَحْسَنُ تَأْويلا
“O you who have faith! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those vested with authority among you. And if you dispute concerning anything, refer it to Allah and the Apostle, if you have faith in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more favorable in outcome.”
Verse of Wilayah (وِلايَة)
Verse 5 of Chapter Al-Ma’idah is the concept of wilayah which means authority and mastership. The importance of this verse is best understood when one comprehends the objective and principles of Islam. Furthermore, in this verse God specifies absolute ownership and authority to Himself, His Prophet, and the believers whom give charity while bowing during their prayers. It has been agreed upon in both Sunni and Shia sources that “those who give charity while bowing in prayer” refers to Ali ibn Abi Talib. 23
إِنَّما وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ الَّذينَ آمَنُوا الَّذينَ يُقيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَ يُؤْتُونَ الزَّكاةَ وَ هُمْ راكِعُون
“Your guardian is only Allah, His Apostle, and the faithful who maintain the prayer and give the zakat while bowing down.”
The essentials of all true ways and paths are present in the Quran. Every fruit tree perceives a different fruit based on their structure in the universe; similarly, every tafsir scholar perceives different meanings in the Quran, finds doors of different knowledge, becomes exposed to the manifestations of different names of Allah and presents a different way of guidance. With this aspect, the Quran serves like a library though it is a single book. (see Badiuzzaman Said Nursi, Sözler (Words) , Yirmi Beşinci Söz (Twenty-Fifth Word)
May Allah bless you with happiness, success, guidance, health, and knowledge. May Almighty Allah give us the strength to follow the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and make us part of the group who is among the most righteous! Ameen.
Verily good deeds do away with evil deeds.
And that is a reminder for those who remember.
Be patient with yourself. And Keep learning!!
I will be calmer, I will spread love as long as I can, I will live a spiritual life, I will do what I please no matter what and I will prove my theories.
Always start your day by renewing your intention that everything you do for yourself and your community, whether it be your acts of worship or daily chores. It all has to be merely for the sake of Allah (SWT) and also, I ask Allah (SWT) to make my work dedicated only to him and forgiveness from Allah (SWT), if I have got anything wrong. It is He who is the Hearing, the knowing.
Finally, I pray to Allah to benefit those who read this article and others, grant me truthfulness in what I say and do, preserve my thoughts and my pen from deviation and guide me in all my affairs.
And all praise and thanks are due to Allah, without Whose help and guidance nothing can be accomplished.
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