Islamic Wisdom: Basic Fundamental (Prohibited and Permissible) Islamic Law’s Terms of Everything Need to Know

May Allah SWT accept your fast and every du ’a, prayer, and good deed you have done during this Ramadan, Ameen. And may you leave this Ramadan with all your sins forgiven and your goals being fulfilled, Ameen. Always be happy.

I hope my story will enlighten you, read it carefully please.

We verily sent Our messengers with clear proofs and revealed with them the scripture and the balance [i.e. the authority to establish justice], that mankind may observe justice and the right measure (Holy Quran Ch:57, Verse: 25)

Islam provides guidance for all walks of life i.e individual and social, material and moral, economic and political, legal and cultural, national and international. The Quran enjoins man to enter the fold of Islam without any reservation and to follow Allah’s guidance in all fields of life.

The command is for none but Allah; He has commanded that you obey none but Him; that is the right path (Holy Quran Ch:12, Verse: 40)


1. Quran

2. Actions and Sayings of Prophet Muhammad

3. The practice of the First Three generations of Muslims

4. Consultation and Consensus

Some Muslims use the term Shariah to apply to both the injunctions in the Quran and Sunnah and the interpretation of the Quran and Sunnah. Islamic law consists of Shariah and fiqh. The interpretation of Shariah is called “fiqh,” or Islamic jurisprudence. Because fiqh is man-made, it can be changed; Shariah, for many Muslims, is divine and cannot be changed.

The Categories of Islamic Law:

Islamic law suits man and woman’s human nature. Just like the law of gravity, if you step off of a high building you will fall and hurt yourself. Man, naturally doesn’t want to fall and hurt himself so he abstains from such foolishness.

  1. Fard (Obligatory):

a. An act that is obligatory to be executed

b. It has been proven by rigorously authenticated texts

c. The denial of any Fard renders one to come out of the folds of Islam.

d. If one omits to perform any Fard without any valid shari'a reason, then such a person becomes a fasiq (transgressor) and the person is regarded as a major sinner. [Fatawa Ridawiyyah — Vol. 2, Page 194]

2. Wajib (Necessary):

a. An act that is compulsory to do.

b. It is proven by religious arguments through ijtihad.

c. One who denies a Wajib is misguided.

d. If one omits a Wajib without any valid shari’i reason, then he is a transgressor and liable for the punishment of Hell.

e. To miss a Wajib once (deliberately, without any valid reason) is a minor sin (Gunah-e-Saghira). However, persistently omitting a Wajib shall turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira).

3. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah:

a. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkada is an act necessary to perform.

b. An act that was always performed by the Messenger of Allah ], but occasionally omitted so as to differentiate from something that is Wajib.

c. One gains the displeasure of Allah Most High and His Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam if a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is omitted even if it is occasionally. Thus, making it a habit to omit a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is an act of earning even more displeasure of Allah and His Beloved and inevitably, one becomes liable for punishment.

d. The status of a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is near a Wajib.

e. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is sometimes known as Sunnat-e-Huda.

4. Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah:

a. If it is performed one shall reap reward.

b. The Messenger of Allah had performed such an act, but also omitted it without any reason.

c. To omit a Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is disliked in the Islamic Law (Shari’ah). However, one is not punished for this.

d. Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is also known as Sunnat-e-Zawa’id.

5. Mustahab — Desirable Acts:

a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah)

b. There is no harm if one omits it

c. One gains reward for doing it, but one is not punished for omitting it.

6. Mubah:

a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah.

b. There is no reward for doing it, and no punishment or omitting it.

7. Haram (Unlawful):

a. Totally forbidden in Islam.

b. Proven by rigorously authenticated texts.

c. Anyone who denies something proven from the Qur’an and Hadith to be Haram, becomes a kafir.

d. If this act is committed deliberately and intentionally, even once, then such a person is a transgressor (fasiq), and has committed a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). Thus, such a person shall be punished.

e. To refrain from such acts is rewarded.

f. Haram is considered the opposite of Fard.

8. Makruh-e-Tehrimi:

“Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law.

a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from.

b. To do an act that is Makruh-e-Tehrimi is a sin and against the commands of the Shari’ah.

c. Anyone who does it is a Fasiq, and will be punished.

d. There is reward to refrain from such acts.

e. If such acts are done once, then they are not classed as a major sin. However, to persevere on such acts does turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira).

f. It is considered the opposite of a Wajib.

9. Isa’at:

a. An act that is necessary to avoid.

b. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah.

10. Makruh-e-Tanzihi:

a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah.

b. If this act is done, then there is no sin or punishment. However, it is bad to make it a habit of doing such an act.

c. One gains reward for not doing it.

d. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah.

11. Khilaf-e-Awla:

Final Thoughts:

Islam is the religion of truth and success. Islam is a complete code of life and gives us guidance in every aspect of our day-to-day lives. The goal of Islam is for humans to become true servants of Allah. Therefore, his source of guidance and the foundations for his actions must be rooted in the revelation from Allah.

Everyone has to know and understand the basic principles, including that things and actions can be Halal, haram, makrooh, mustahhab, or mubah etc.

It’s not that complicated, it really isn’t. In short, you need to learn the basic of halal and haram from proper sources such as the Quran, sahih hadith and ask from scholars who are expert on this subject.

Islam is the religion of Peace. Let us refresh the REAL teachings of Islam in order to bring peace, prosperity, and happiness to earth.

“Islam brings hope and comfort to millions of people in my country, and to more than a billion people worldwide. Ramadan is also an occasion to remember that Islam gave birth to a rich civilization of learning that has benefited mankind.” — George W. Bush

“The Islamic teachings have left great traditions for equitable and gentle dealings and behavior, and inspire people with nobility and tolerance. These are human teachings of the highest order and at the same time practicable. These teachings brought into existence a society in which hard-heartedness and collective oppression and injustice were the least as compared with all other societies preceding it…. Islam is replete with gentleness, courtesy, and fraternity.” H.G. Wells

May Allah bless you with happiness, success, guidance, health, and knowledge Ameen

Verily good deeds do away with evil deeds.

And that is a reminder for those who remember.

Be patient with yourself. And Keep learning!!

I will be calmer, I will spread love as long as I can, I will live a spiritual life, I will do what I please no matter what and I will prove my theories.

Always start your day by renewing your intention that everything you do for yourself and your community, whether it be your acts of worship or daily chores. It all has to be merely for the sake of Allah (SWT) and also, I ask Allah (SWT) to make my work dedicated only to him and forgiveness from Allah (SWT), if I have got anything wrong. It is He who is the Hearing, the knowing.

Finally, I pray to Allah to benefit those who read this article and others, grant me truthfulness in what I say and do, preserve my thoughts and my pen from deviation and guide me in all my affairs.

And all praise and thanks are due to Allah, without Whose help and guidance nothing can be accomplished.

Yeah, don’t forget to follow me for more amazing content. Happy Reading!!!

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Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid

Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid


Writer | network engineer | Traveler | Biker | Polyglot. I’m so deep even the ocean gets jealous