Cleanliness is one of the fundamental teachings of Islam

Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid
13 min readApr 27, 2023

Physically, spiritually, ethically, and psychologically, Muslims value cleanliness and purity.

Cleanliness is an integral part of Islam, and it is considered one of the fundamental teachings of the religion. In Islam, cleanliness is not just limited to the physical body, but it also extends to the environment and personal hygiene.

The teachings of Islam emphasize the importance of cleanliness as it is believed to be a key component of faith. In this article, we will explore the significance of cleanliness in Islam, its various aspects, and how Muslims practice it in their daily lives.

From the importance of performing ablution before prayer to the Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) emphasis on keeping one’s home and surroundings clean, we will delve into the various teachings and practices of Islam that highlight the significance of cleanliness.

Additionally, we will also discuss how cleanliness is linked to spiritual purity and how it plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being.

The Concept of Cleanliness in Islam:

Cleanliness is a crucial aspect of Islam and is considered one of the fundamental teachings of the religion. In Islam, cleanliness is not only limited to the physical body but also extends to the environment and personal hygiene. The teachings of Islam emphasize the importance of cleanliness as it is considered a key component of faith.

The concept of cleanliness is deeply rooted in Islamic teachings and practices. The Holy Quran states that Allah loves those who keep themselves clean and pure, and it is the duty of every Muslim to maintain a high level of personal hygiene. Muslims are required to perform ablution or wudu before offering prayers, which involves washing their hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, and feet.

Moreover, cleanliness is not only limited to the physical aspect but also extends to the environment. Muslims are required to keep their surroundings clean and pure. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) taught that a person’s cleanliness is half of their faith. He also emphasized the importance of cleaning one’s home, removing any impurities and keeping it tidy.

In Islam, personal hygiene is considered an essential part of maintaining good health. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) advised Muslims to brush their teeth regularly, trim their nails, and groom themselves. He also encouraged Muslims to take a bath regularly and wear clean clothes.

Islam also teaches the importance of maintaining cleanliness in food and drink. Muslims are required to consume only halal (permissible) food and avoid eating or drinking anything that is considered impure. Muslims are also encouraged to wash their hands before and after eating, and to use clean utensils.

Cleanliness is a fundamental teaching of Islam, and it is considered an essential aspect of the religion. Muslims are required to maintain a high level of personal hygiene and cleanliness in their surroundings. The teachings of Islam emphasize the importance of cleanliness for physical and spiritual purity, good health, and the attainment of peace and tranquility.

The Significance of Cleanliness in Islam:

Cleanliness holds great significance in Islam, and it is considered one of the fundamental teachings of the religion. Islam places great emphasis on cleanliness as it is believed to be a key component of faith. Here are some of the reasons why cleanliness is significant in Islam:

1. Spiritual purity: In Islam, cleanliness is linked to spiritual purity. Muslims are required to perform ablution (Wudu) before prayer to purify themselves both physically and spiritually.

2. Health and well-being: Cleanliness is essential for maintaining good health and well-being. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of personal hygiene, such as regular bathing, washing hands before eating, and brushing teeth.

3. Environmental cleanliness: Islam teaches Muslims to maintain a clean and healthy environment. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized keeping one’s home and surroundings clean, free from litter and waste.

4. Respect for others: Maintaining cleanliness is a sign of respect for oneself and others. Muslims are taught to keep themselves and their surroundings clean to prevent the spread of diseases and illnesses.

5. Social interactions: Cleanliness plays an important role in social interactions. Muslims are encouraged to maintain good personal hygiene, wear clean clothes, and keep their homes and surroundings clean to enhance their social interactions and relationships.

Cleanliness is significant in Islam as it is linked to spiritual purity, health, well-being, respect for oneself and others, and social interactions. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in all aspects of their lives, from personal hygiene to environmental cleanliness. By doing so, they not only fulfill a religious obligation but also promote good health and well-being for themselves and their community.

Cleanliness in Quran & Hadith:

There are several Quranic verses that mention cleanliness in Islam.

“Truly, Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean” (Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 222).

This verse emphasizes the importance of cleanliness and purity in Islam. Muslims believe that by maintaining cleanliness in all aspects of their lives, they can purify themselves both physically and spiritually, and thus become closer to God. This verse also highlights the importance of constantly turning to God, seeking His guidance, and striving to become better individuals in His eyes.

There are many hadiths (sayings of Prophet Muhammad) that emphasize the importance of cleanliness in Islam.

“Cleanliness is half of faith” (Sahih Muslim).

This hadith highlights the importance of cleanliness in Islam and its connection to faith. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in all aspects of their lives, including personal hygiene, environmental cleanliness, and spiritual purity. By doing so, they can fulfill their religious obligation and become closer to God. This hadith also emphasizes the significance of cleanliness in Islam and its role in promoting good health and well-being.

Cleanliness Linked to Spiritual Purity:

Cleanliness is linked to spiritual purity in Islam as it is believed that physical purity leads to spiritual purity. Muslims believe that performing ablution (Wudu) before prayer purifies the body and soul, allowing the individual to connect with God in a state of purity. The Quran states, “Truly, Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean” (Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 222).

In addition, cleanliness plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being in Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of personal hygiene, such as regular bathing, washing hands before eating, and brushing teeth. These practices not only prevent the spread of diseases but also promote good health and well-being. In Islam, good health is considered a blessing from God, and Muslims are encouraged to take care of their bodies as they are considered a trust from God.

Furthermore, Islam encourages environmental cleanliness as it is believed to promote good health and well-being. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of keeping one’s home and surroundings clean and free from litter and waste. In addition, Islam encourages proper waste management and recycling to preserve the environment and prevent the spread of diseases.

Cleanliness is linked to spiritual purity in Islam, and it plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being. Muslims are encouraged to practice cleanliness in all aspects of their lives, from personal hygiene to environmental cleanliness, to fulfill their religious obligation and promote good health and well-being for themselves and their community.

The Role of Cleanliness in Maintaining Good Health and Well-Being in Islam:

In Islam, cleanliness is not only a means to achieve spiritual purity but also plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being. The importance of cleanliness in Islam is rooted in the belief that a clean body and environment promote physical and mental well-being, and are necessary for the preservation of life.

Muslims are encouraged to maintain personal hygiene through regular washing and grooming practices. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Cleanliness is half of faith” (Sahih Muslim), emphasizing the importance of cleanliness in Islam. Muslims are required to perform ablution (Wudu) before prayer, which involves washing the hands, face, arms, and feet, as well as rinsing the mouth and nose. This practice not only helps in purifying oneself for prayer but also promotes personal hygiene and prevents the spread of diseases.

In addition to personal hygiene, environmental cleanliness is also emphasized in Islam. Muslims are encouraged to keep their homes and surroundings clean, dispose of waste properly, and maintain cleanliness in public spaces. This helps in preventing the spread of diseases and promoting a healthy environment for oneself and the community.

Islam also promotes healthy eating habits and discourages the consumption of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Your body has a right over you” (Sahih Bukhari), emphasizing the importance of taking care of one’s physical well-being.

Cleanliness plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being in Islam. By promoting personal hygiene, environmental cleanliness, and healthy habits, Muslims can prevent the spread of diseases, promote a healthy environment, and fulfill their religious obligation to take care of their bodies.

Practices of Cleanliness in Islam:

In Islam, cleanliness is an integral part of the faith and is emphasized in all aspects of life, from personal hygiene to environmental cleanliness. Muslims practice cleanliness in their daily lives in various ways, reflecting the significance of cleanliness in Islam. Some of the ways in which Muslims practice cleanliness:

1. Performing ablution: Muslims perform ablution (Wudu) before prayer to purify themselves both physically and spiritually. Ablution involves washing specific body parts, including the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, head, and feet, three times with clean water.

2. Bathing: Muslims are encouraged to take regular baths and keep their bodies clean. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of personal hygiene and cleanliness, and Muslims are encouraged to follow his example.

3. Washing hands: Muslims are encouraged to wash their hands regularly, especially before eating and after using the bathroom.

4. Wearing clean clothes: Muslims are encouraged to wear clean clothes, especially when attending prayer or other religious gatherings.

5. Environmental cleanliness: Islam emphasizes the importance of keeping one’s surroundings clean, disposing of waste properly, and maintaining cleanliness in public spaces. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Removing harmful things from the road is charity” (Sahih Bukhari), emphasizing the importance of environmental cleanliness.

6. Proper waste management: Islam teaches Muslims to dispose of waste properly and encourages recycling to preserve the environment.

7. Personal hygiene: Muslims are encouraged to maintain personal hygiene by taking regular baths, washing hands before and after meals, and trimming nails and hair. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stressed the importance of personal hygiene, saying, “Cleanliness is next to godliness” (Sunan Ibn Majah).

8. Cleanliness in food and drink: Islam encourages healthy eating habits and discourages the consumption of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs. Muslims are also required to eat halal food, which is prepared and consumed in a clean and hygienic manner.

9. Clothing and grooming: Islam encourages Muslims to dress modestly and keep their clothing and grooming clean and presentable. This not only promotes personal hygiene but also creates a positive impression and facilitates social interaction.

The practices of cleanliness in Islam extend beyond personal hygiene to encompass environmental cleanliness, cleanliness in food and drink, clothing and grooming, and other aspects of daily life. By promoting cleanliness in all aspects of life, Muslims can prevent the spread of diseases, promote a healthy environment, and fulfill their religious obligation to maintain cleanliness and purity.

Fulfilling Religious Obligations through Cleanliness in Islam:

In Islam, cleanliness is considered a religious obligation that is closely tied to spiritual purity. Muslims believe that maintaining cleanliness is not only important for physical health and well-being but also for the purification of the soul. Here are some ways in which Muslims fulfill their religious obligations through cleanliness:

1. Ablution (Wudu): Muslims are required to perform ablution (Wudu) before prayer, which involves washing the hands, face, arms, and feet, as well as rinsing the mouth and nose. This practice is not only necessary for prayer but also serves as a means of purifying oneself for the worship of Allah.

2. Ghusl: Muslims are required to perform Ghusl, a full body wash, after certain activities, such as sexual intercourse, menstruation, and childbirth. This practice is considered necessary for the purification of the soul and the restoration of ritual purity.

3. Cleanliness during Hajj: Muslims who perform Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, are required to observe strict rules of cleanliness and hygiene. They must wear clean and simple clothing, shave or trim their hair, and avoid using perfumes or scented products that could interfere with the spiritual experience of the pilgrimage.

4. Cleanliness in the mosque: Muslims are encouraged to keep the mosque clean and tidy. This includes removing shoes before entering, performing ablution before prayer, and avoiding behaviors that could damage or defile the mosque.

5. Cleanliness in daily life: Muslims are encouraged to maintain personal hygiene and keep their surroundings clean. This includes washing hands before and after meals, using clean utensils and dishes, and disposing of waste properly.

Fulfilling religious obligations through cleanliness is an important aspect of Islamic practice. Muslims believe that maintaining cleanliness and purity is essential for spiritual well-being and the worship of Allah. By observing practices such as ablution, Ghusl, cleanliness during Hajj, and cleanliness in daily life, Muslims can fulfill their religious obligations and promote a clean and healthy environment for themselves and their communities.

The Environmental Aspect of Cleanliness in Islam:

In Islam, cleanliness is not limited to personal hygiene but also extends to environmental cleanliness. Muslims are encouraged to keep their surroundings clean and to take care of the environment in which they live. Some of the environmental aspects of cleanliness in Islam:

1. Proper waste disposal: Islam emphasizes the importance of disposing of waste properly. Muslims are instructed to throw their waste in designated places and to avoid littering. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Removing harmful things from the road is charity” (Sahih Bukhari), emphasizing the importance of keeping the environment clean.

2. Water conservation: Islam places great emphasis on the conservation of water. Muslims are instructed to conserve water and to avoid wasting it. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Do not waste water even if you are at a running stream” (Sunan Ibn Majah).

3. Planting trees: Islam encourages Muslims to plant trees and to take care of the environment. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “If a Muslim plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (Sahih Bukhari).

4. Avoiding pollution: Muslims are encouraged to avoid pollution and to take steps to reduce their carbon footprint. This includes reducing the use of plastic and other harmful products, using public transport, and conserving energy.

5. Animal welfare: Islam emphasizes the importance of treating animals with kindness and compassion. Muslims are instructed to take care of animals and to avoid harming them. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Allah has ordained kindness (and excellence) in everything. If the killing (of animals) is necessary, do it in the kindest way possible” (Sahih Muslim).

The environmental aspect of cleanliness in Islam emphasizes the importance of taking care of the environment in which we live. By observing practices such as proper waste disposal, water conservation, planting trees, avoiding pollution, and animal welfare, Muslims can promote a clean and healthy environment for themselves and future generations.

The Social Aspect of Cleanliness in Islam:

In Islam, cleanliness is not only a personal practice but also has a social aspect. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in their social interactions and in their dealings with others. Some of the social aspects of cleanliness in Islam:

1. Cleanliness in relationships: Islam emphasizes the importance of maintaining clean and pure relationships with others. Muslims are encouraged to be honest, truthful, and just in their dealings with others. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “A Muslim is one from whose tongue and hand others are safe” (Sahih Bukhari), emphasizing the importance of maintaining clean relationships with others.

2. Cleanliness in public spaces: Islam encourages Muslims to maintain cleanliness in public spaces such as markets, mosques, and other public places. Muslims are instructed to keep these places clean and tidy and to avoid causing inconvenience to others.

3. Cleanliness in social gatherings: Islam places great emphasis on maintaining cleanliness in social gatherings. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in their homes and to prepare food in a clean and hygienic manner. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Cleanliness is half of faith” (Sahih Muslim), emphasizing the importance of cleanliness in all aspects of life.

4. Cleanliness in community service: Islam encourages Muslims to engage in community service and to help others. Muslims are instructed to maintain cleanliness in their community service activities and to ensure that their actions do not harm others.

5. Cleanliness in public health: Islam places great emphasis on public health and encourages Muslims to take steps to prevent the spread of diseases. Muslims are instructed to maintain cleanliness in public spaces and to take steps to prevent the spread of germs and diseases.

The social aspect of cleanliness in Islam emphasizes the importance of maintaining clean relationships with others and of promoting cleanliness in public spaces, social gatherings, community service, and public health. By observing these practices, Muslims can promote a clean and healthy society for themselves and for future generations.

The Benefits of Being Clean:

Being clean in Islam has numerous benefits, both spiritual and physical.

1. Spiritual purity: Islam emphasizes the importance of physical cleanliness as a means to achieve spiritual purity. Being clean is a way to purify oneself physically and spiritually, which helps in strengthening one’s connection with God.

2. Good health: Maintaining cleanliness in all aspects of life, such as personal hygiene and environmental cleanliness, helps in preventing the spread of diseases and promoting good health.

3. Environmental preservation: Islam encourages proper waste management and recycling to preserve the environment, which not only benefits the community but also reflects Muslims’ responsibility as stewards of the earth.

4. Social interaction: Being clean and presentable helps in creating a positive impression and facilitates social interaction. This is particularly important in the workplace, where maintaining personal hygiene and grooming can be crucial to one’s success.

5. Fulfilling religious obligations: Being clean is an essential aspect of fulfilling various religious obligations in Islam, such as performing ablution (Wudu) before prayer, which is necessary for the prayer to be accepted by God.

Being clean in Islam has numerous benefits, including spiritual purity, good health, environmental preservation, facilitating social interaction, and fulfilling religious obligations. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in all aspects of their lives to promote personal well-being, the well-being of their community, and to fulfill their religious obligation.

Final Thoughts:

In Islam, cleanliness is not just about physical cleanliness but also spiritual purity, environmental preservation, and fulfilling religious obligations. It is an integral part of faith that promotes good health, social interaction, and well-being. Muslims are encouraged to maintain cleanliness in all aspects of their lives, from personal hygiene to environmental cleanliness, to fulfill their religious obligations and to become better individuals in the eyes of God. By practicing cleanliness, Muslims can strengthen their connection with God and their community, promote good health and well-being, and contribute to a clean and healthy environment.

Muslims practice cleanliness in their daily lives through various practices, including performing ablution, bathing regularly, washing hands, wearing clean clothes, cleaning homes and surroundings, proper waste management, and maintaining good personal hygiene. These practices not only fulfill a religious obligation but also promote good health and well-being for oneself and the community.

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Raja Muhammad Mustansar Javaid

"Versatile Wordsmith | IT Solutions Strategist | Motorcycle Voyager | Multilingual Enthusiast". I’m so deep even the ocean gets jealous